Shooting Control Methods


This page contains resources on the kinds of shooting control options available to manage wildlife damage problems.

Shooting Methods

Two main options are available through the use of firearms:

  1. Lethal Control: Everyone is aware that shooting can be an effective method of killing problem wildlife. However, shooting can be used in a non-lethal form as well.
    • Opportunistic Shooting: involves shooting when the target species becomes available
    • Sharp Shooting: Performed under tightly regulated conditions to selectively remove problem animals from a location
    • Aerial Gunning: Use of helicopters or fixed-wing aircraft to pursue problem wildlife.
    • Harvest Management: traditional hunting as performed during state regulated hunting seasons.
  2. Hazing: Hazing is used when the sound/noise of the gun firing disperses the target animal without killing or harming it.

Shooting Equipment

Shooting Equipment can be divided into three main categories, firearms, non-firearms, and ancillary devices.

  1. Firearms: Use gunpowder or other flammable or explosive propellant. Shotguns, rifles fall under this category.
  2. Non-firearms: Use mechanical or pressure to propel the projectile. Air rifles and compound bows fall under this category.
  3. Ancillary devices: Include equipment to assist the shooter in hitting the target. Scopes, night vision goggles would fall under this category.

Night Vision

Three Man Thermal Imaging Team Informational Poster. PDFFairfax, Virginia

Thermal imaging kitThermal imaging camera